Ten effective recommendations for success in breeding calves

1) Cattle preparation. The calf's blood must be taken into account before it is born. With the confidence of the proper condition of the cat during the transition period, reduce the amount of tension it enters. Avoid overcrowding. Each cow must have at least 16.2 to 18.6 square meters of space for birth. The immune system of the bovine body should be augmented with suitable vaccines, because it passes this immunity to calves via colostrum.

2) Provide a clean breeding area. To minimize the spread of disease and the spread of pathogens, each cow should be delivered and kept in a separate maternity ward covered with clean straw. Remove calves quickly from your mother to help prevent diseases that are transmitted through the stool and sucking the mother's breast, belly, legs, or appendages, or through blood or stool contaminated with colostrum.

3) Only help birth if needed. Your relief should not be based on time, but on the basis of symptoms:

_ See contractions

_ See calf language reactions (language should be pink when the cow does not contract until it darkens when it is contracted).

_ See blood. If you want to help birth, all the tools (including hands) should be disinfected, at least with impulse constipation, and using lubricants.

4) Complete the calf delivery process. In case of need, stimulate respiration with a respirator or a piece of straw or spray cool water in the form of calf. Help the calf stand up and remove her from her mother to prevent diseases that can be transmitted through fertilizer. Finally, control the overall calf's health and immerse the umbilical cord immediately after birth in a 7% iodine solution (not a hypodermic solution). If iodine solution is not available, use a 2% solution of chlorhexidine for immersion.

5) Follow the eating of eczema immediately after birth. Rinse colostrum or frozen colostrum from older cows if it does not suffer from ion-to-calf disease. Use a colostrum to prevent low quality colostrum. Avoid feeding cottage cheeses before birth or colostrum infected with mastitis or blood and colostrum stored at room temperature and from mixing colostrum.

6) Preparing for 24-hour colostrum, 7 days a week, 365 days a year. Use gloves, buckets, bottles and clean rosacea. Apply to calves one to three hours after birth, 2.8 to 3.7 kg of colostrum, then add another 1.8 kg to the calves for 10-12 hours. The most important thing to eat is the colostrum of time. Calves lose 5% of absorption (immunoglobulins) every hour after birth and reach zero percent after 24 hours of birth. The best time to eat colostrum is zero for up to 4 hours after birth.

7) Observing calves for rapid diagnosis of possible signs of illness.

_ Using eye control: Check for signs, ears, eye shine, nasal moisture and how to breathe a calf. If you find that the calf is killing its body while standing and staying stationary or eating or munching while standing, check the issue.

_ Use of the nose: Is there a strong smell of ammonia in the air?

Ears: Are calves calm and busy eating? Is there any coughing up?

8) Clean equipment and equipment. An anesthetic to break the cycle of diseases is a must. Make sure that any organic material is leached before disinfection and soap disinfection. Use the correct disinfectant solution.

9) Continuous feeding of the best quality beef available to the calf. Calves should always have fresh water and newborns because they help to develop their rumen. Keep in mind that calves have a single stomach before rumen development. It's your job to move the calf to the side of the bow and starter.

10) Avoid overcrowding of calves in spring. In order to break the cycle of disease, calf positions need to be fermented. Places that are well laid out and have a good location are suitable for placement of calves. These moving positions (hatches) are easily cleaned and moved after the calf goes to social positions.

Some of these moving calves have been designed for good ventilation and proper placement. Ventilation is very difficult in a closed position such as calves or greenhouses. Usually diarrhea and respiratory diseases are more prevalent when calves are closed. If you do not use movable stairs, use systems that all come in and out of each other, or use a technique where half of the seats are always empty. In the event of an outbreak or a high density, you should have an urgent and urgent program.


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